How to Open Ports on a Router?
To get certain programs, games or apps working at the kind of speed that you would appreciate means that you will need to modify your router. Doing that means faster speeds for streaming, gaming, sharing files, and much more. To get things flowing effectively, you will need to open the ports on your router. You could also call it port forwarding. With that said, if you need to know how to open ports on your router, we’ve got you covered! The process might be a little daunting, but it’s worth it. Let’s get started!
Table on contents
- What are ports?
- Port Forwarding – What is it? Why is it necessary?
- Before Port Forwarding get a Static IP address
- How to open ports on your router
- Is it possible to open ports on a router or conduct Port Forwarding with a VPN?
What are ports?
Routers are like a gateway network through which data travels in and out. Within that router, there are small ports, like channelways, through which data passes through. To be exact, your router has around 65000 ports. These ports are the best way for you to get the best experience online.
All ports interconnect but don’t interfere with the passing of data through various means. For instance, you want to look up some recipes on Google, and at the same time have SoundCloud running in the background. Your router picks up and receives data from both servers simultaneously, since they’re running through two different ports on your router.
As mentioned, routers have different ports. Each port is assigned for various tasks. For example, if you’re using an HTML page, data will be passed through your router via port 80. In this way, there are many ports that are assigned to specific tasks.
Port Forwarding – What is it? Why is it necessary?
As mentioned above, opening up ports on your router gives users a better experience, especially if it’s for gaming to increase ping time and resolve latency issues. The action for that is Port Forwarding. In short, Port Forwarding means sending signals to your router, telling them that data transmitted through a particular port needs to be opened and sent directly to an assigned device over a local network.
When you take a look at a router, you could say that it acts like a barricade to a mail sending and delivering centre. It controls and monitors all data going in and out of the depot. With that said, it also blocks any kind of data or content received or sent that it considers as malicious.
For that, Port Forwarding is a way of telling your Router to allow passageway for particular data being sent to a specific device from a certain program. With this, your router allows smooth transfers of it, making faster speeds much more attainable. Port Forwarding on PS4 and PS5 is best for users who want to make gaming a whole lot easier, smoother, and faster.
UPnP, is short for Universal Plug and Play. Most users go for the automatic UPnP method, which is not something we would recommend, since it poses major threats or risks. It might be a more convenient method to avoid opening ports manually, but there will be some circumstances that might be risky. For a better experience and security, we recommend opening certain or particular ports by doing them manually.
Before Port Forwarding get a Static IP address
A particular static IP address is always needed before you Port Forward. It’s always needed for the device on the receiver’s end. A dynamic IP address won’t work, mostly because the game or file that needs to be shared is on a particular server which uses a certain IP address, which is then later on reassigned by your router. It’s a way for the receiving device to identify themselves.
A new static IP address is needed to every device that you’re using for Port Forwarding. To get a static IP address, you will need to go to the router’s settings or configuration page. Using any browser, type in your router’s IP address, which is then followed by you entering in a username and password. Don’t have the passcode and username available?
Simply contact your router provider or find it on the box that it came in. Now, when you’ve entered the configuration page, you will find a section under Static IP addresses or DHCP Reservations. You will have access to a number of servers and devices, pick any one. That will be used for your Port Forwarding. Next, set the IP address to Static and save your changes. Lastly, make sure you take note of your address.
How to open ports on your router
Once you get a static IP address on the end device or the device that you are forwarding to, proceed to open the port. However, before going ahead, you should understand that even though the functionality and look of every router is somewhat similar, they are still different and require a specific kind of configuration. With that said, let’s head on to the tutorial:
- Head to your router’s configuration page and locate your router’s IP address
- Now, go to your router’s settings and enter in your device username and password.
- In the settings, look for the Port Forwarding tab.
- Now, on the Port Forwarding tab, enter in the number of the port that you would like to open.
- Next, enter in the static IP address of the end-device you want the port to forward to.
- Save your settings to finish the entire process.
Is it possible to open ports on a router or Port Forward with a VPN?
Yes, you can open ports while using iProVPN on your router. The thing is, whether or not opening up ports or Port Forwarding in general offers a multitude of benefits, it sometimes comes with risks, especially if the program you’re opening the port for is not from a trusted source. When you open up ports on your router, you’re slowly stripping away any kind of encryption that comes with it.
Your router plays such a huge role connecting every device over a local network using one secure hardware. Opening up ports brings on vulnerabilities that could invite malware and other forms of viruses. With that said, even though iProVPN does not entirely support Port Forwarding, mostly due to risky programs, you could still use the VPN with your router to open ports.
By configuring iProVPN with your router, you will be adding extra layers of protection against cyberattacks while opening ports in your router. A VPN is designed to protect all data passing through your device and the network, which in this case is your router. All-in-all, iProVPN protects all your devices, your local internet connection, and every other device that is connected to the VPN router.
Coming to the end of this guide, you now know how to open ports on a router! Port Forwarding might seem a little daunting at first, but using the guide above, you will have a better understanding of how your router works and how to open ports for better speeds, streaming, gaming or even file-sharing.
Start Browsing Privately!
iProVPN encrypts your data for protection against hackers and surveillance. Unblock your favorite streaming platforms instantly with the best VPN for streaming.